The United Nations–sponsored International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) is seated Arusha, Tanzania. The tribunal was established in 1995 by the United Nations Security Council to prosecute the persons responsible for gross human rights violations, crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide in Rwanda, between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994. Since its establishment, the Tribunal has indicted 93 individuals, including high-ranking military and government officials, politicians, businessmen, as well as religious, militia, and media leaders. The ICTR thus only prosecuted those who bore the greatest responsibility; many others faced trials in Rwanda itself. On 20 December 2012, the ICTR delivered its last trial judgment in the Ngirabatware case. The formal closure of the ICTR is scheduled with the return of the Appeals Chamber’s judgment in its last appeal. From its establishment to its closure, the mandate of the ICTR has been to bring justice to the victims of the genocide and to deter others from committing similar atrocities in the future.