Two-state solution

The two-state solution would establish an independent Palestinian state alongside Israel — two states for two peoples. In theory, this would win Israel security and allow it to retain a Jewish demographic majority (letting the country remain Jewish and democratic) while granting the Palestinians a state. There are 4 issues that have proven most challenging, however:

  1. There is no consensus about where to draw the borders. generally, it is considered that the border will follow the lines before the Arab-Israeli war of 1967. However, the settlement in the West Bank wille make it difficult to establish that part of the land as part of an independent Palestinian state.
  2. Both sides claim Jerusalem as their capital.
  3. Many Palestinians fled or were expelled during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, their descendants claim they have the right to return to the land that was ‘theirs’. Israel does not want this because it would mean an end to their demographic majority.
  4. Palestinians want the foreign military occupation to end. Israel wants to avoid a group like Hamas to take over the West Bank. It also wants to be able to defend itself against foreign armies and this necessitates Israeli military presence in parts of the West Bank.

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