The Northern government in the capital Khartoum (Sudan)

Sudan became independent in 1956 after a conflict over power sharing  of the colonized country by two states: Great- Britain and  Egypt. As part of the English tactic to avoid Egypt from obtaining more influence in Sudan, it granted Sudan’s independence to the Northern Sudanese elites –  who identified themselves as Muslim and Arabic. Because these Northern politicians could use the British support as their power base to achieve independence, they did not have to make any approaches to the South to gain their support. As a result the North-Sudanese could culturally suppress and neglect the Southern regions.