The Islamic state (IS), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), and al-Dawlah al-Islamīyah fī al-ʻIrāq wa-al-Shām (DAESH), is a radical islamist group that has seized large territory in eastern Syria and parts of northern and western Iraq. The goal of the group is to establish a ‘caliphate': a state ruled by one political and religious leader, in accordance to the Islamic law, or ‘Sharia’. Although the state is currently confined to Iraq and Syria, it is the goal of the Islamic State to take over Jordan, Lebanon and to ‘free’ Palesine. The islamist group receives both mental support and jihadist fighters from Muslims across the world. True supporters must first swear allegiance to the leader of the Islamic State – Ibrahim Awad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri al-Samarrai, better known as Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.