Mujahideen is the plural of ‘mujahid’, the term for a person in jihad – an Arabic word derived from the same root as mujahideen, meaning ‘to strive’ or ‘to struggle’. The term is most frequently used in reference to the self named Afghan mujahideen, guerilla fighters who fought against the Soviet army from 1979-1989. However, the term has become more popular as a synonym for ‘jihadist’ since the phenomenon of radical Islamic forces have become more widespread in the wars in Iraq and in Afghanistan.

Koen Kluessien