Conflict Dictionary

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Yazidis -  The Yazidi faith is a mix of a number of different ancient religions, borrowing beliefs from Zoroastrianism, Islam, Christianity and Mithraism, among others. The sect has a long history of persecution, the Yazidis often speak of 72 massacres that have already been perpetrated against the people, ranging from the conquering Mongols to the purges of the Ottomans who had targeted the Yazidis multiple times, including during the Armenian genocide. The existence of the Yazidis became even more delicate after the 2003 US invasion of the country and the ousting of Saddam Hussein. In 2007, coordinated bombings in a Yazidi village in the North of Iraq killed an estimated 800 people. Many of the Christians living in the region fled Iraq to diaspora communities in Europe. Most Yazidis remained in their historical homeland, surrounded by the mountains and their shrines. This was however brought to an end when the Islamic State targeted them in its campaign of religious persecution.
Yom HaShoah -  The full name of the day commemorating the victims of the Holocaust is “Yom Hashoah Ve-Hagevurah”— in Hebrew literally translated as the "Day of (remembrance of) the Holocaust and the Heroism". It is marked on the 27th day in the month of Nisan — a week after the end of the Passover holiday and a week before  Yom Hazikaron (Memorial Day for Israel's fallen soldiers). It marks the anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Since the early 1960's, the sound of a siren on Yom Hashoah stops traffic and pedestrians throughout Israel for two minutes of silent devotion. The siren blows at sundown and once again at 11:00 A.M. on this date. All radio and television programs during this day are connected in one way or another with the Jewish destiny in World War II, including personal interviews with survivors.