Conflict Dictionary

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safe areas -  Cities and territories that are placed under the protection of the UN peacekeeping, because of humanitarian reasons.
Sharia -  Sharia or Sharia law is the Islamic law system, derived from the Quran and the Hadith. Sharia law deals with crimes, politics and economics as well as personal matter such as sexual intercourse, hygience, dressing, diet and prayer. Several Islamic countries have applied Sharia as their main source of legislation, among which: Saudi-Arabia, Iran, Pakistan, Sudan, Afghanistan and the UAE. A lot of controversy revolves around Sharia law as to whether it is compatible with secular forms of government in terms of human rights, freedom of speech and women's rights.
Shia Islam -  Shia Islam is a faction in Islam that follows the prophet Muhammed's son in law and cousin Ali as his rightful successor. Shia Muslims comprise between 11 and 14% of the total number of Muslims in the Middle East and North Africa. The Shia coalition in the Middles East is led by Iran, where Shia Muslims are the majority and Hezbollah in Lebanon. Shia Muslims have been in conflict with Sunni Muslims since the death of Muhammed in 632, when they found themselves in a dispute about Muhammed's rightful successor, which Sunnis believe to be Muhammed's father-in-law Abu Bakr. Shia Islam is divided into three groups: Twelvers, Ismails and Zaidis, of which the Twelvers are the majority and most influential.
Shoah -  The biblical word Shoah (which has been used to mean “destruction” since the Middle Ages) became the standard Hebrew term for the murder of European Jewry as early as the early 1940s. The word Holocaust, which came into use in the 1950s as the corresponding term, originally meant a sacrifice burnt entirely on the altar. The selection of these two words with religious origins reflects recognition of the unprecedented nature and magnitude of the events. Many understand Holocaust as a general term for the crimes and horrors perpetrated by the Nazis; others go even farther and use it to encompass other acts of mass murder as well. Consequently, the Hebrew word Shoah is often used to refer to the persecution of European Jewry exclusively (in other languages as well).  
Six-day-war -  The Six Day war was fought between 5-10 June 1967. Israeli forces fought against Egypt, Jordan and Syria. Israel more than doubled its size during these six days, capturing east Jerusalem and the Palestinian territories – the West Bank and Gaza – as well as the Golan Heights and Sinai.
Soviet Union -  The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) or shortened to the Soviet Union, was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that was founded on 30 December 1922 and existed until 26 December 1991. The Soviet Union has its roots in the Russian Revolution of 1917, which overthrew the Russian Empire and ended its Tsarist Rule. After the Revolution, the Bolsheviks (the majority faction of the Socialist Party, led my Vladimir Lenin) led a second revolution that established the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. After a civil war between pro-revolution Reds and counter-revolution Whites,  the Communists formed the Soviet Union in 1922 with the unification of the Russian, Transcaucasion, Uktrainian, and Belarussian republics. After the Second World War, the Soviets occupied territory conquered from Axis forces in Central and Eastern Europe, which became the satellite states of the Eastern Bloc.
Sunni Islam -  Sunni Islam is the largest branch of Islam, with a majority of 87 to 90% of all Muslims. Fundamentalist Islamic movements such as Wahhabism, Salafism and Takfiris have Sunni orientations. Shia Muslims have been in conflict with Sunni Muslims since the death of Muhammed in 632, when they found themselves in a dispute about Muhammed's rightful successor, which Sunnis believe to be Muhammed's father-in-law Abu Bakr.