Conflict Dictionary

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Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact -  Names after Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov and German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was a Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union. It was signed on 23 August 1939 and it stated a guarantee of non-belligerence towards the other and that none would ally itself with the other's enemies. It also included a secret protocol that divided the territories of Romania, Poland, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia and Finland between the German and Soviet "spheres of influence". Less than 2 weeks after the signing of the pact, Germany invaded Poland and started the Second World War.
Mujahideen -  Mujahideen is the plural of 'mujahid', the term for a person in jihad - an Arabic word derived from the same root as mujahideen, meaning 'to strive' or 'to struggle'. The term is most frequently used in reference to the self named Afghan mujahideen, guerilla fighters who fought against the Soviet army from 1979-1989. However, the term has become more popular as a synonym for 'jihadist' since the phenomenon of radical Islamic forces have become more widespread in the wars in Iraq and in Afghanistan.
- Synonyms: Mujahedeen